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The Emu or Dromaius is the second-tallest living bird after the ostrich, its ratite relative. It is endemic to Australia, where it is the largest native bird and the only extant member of the genus Dromaius.

Dromaius or Emus are soft-feathered, brown, flightless birds with long necks and legs, and can reach up to 6 ft 3 in. in height. Emus can travel great distances, and when necessary can sprint at 30 mph.

They forage for a variety of plants and insects, but have been known to go for weeks without eating. They drink infrequently, but take in copious amounts of water when the opportunity arises.

Breeding takes place in May and June, and fighting among females for a mate is common. Females can mate several times and lay several clutches of eggs in one season.

Although flightless, Emus have vestigial wings, the wing chord measures around 8 in. and each wing having a small claw at the tip. Emus flap their wings when running, perhaps as a means of stabilising themselves when moving fast.

When walking, the Dromaius or Emu takes strides of about 3.3 ft., but at full gallop, a stride can be as long as 9 ft. Its legs are devoid of feathers and underneath its feet are thick, cushioned pads.

Like the cassowary, the Emu has sharp claws on its toes which are its major defensive attribute, and are used in combat to inflict wounds on opponents by kicking. The toe and claw total 6 in. in length.

The bill is quite small, measuring 2.2 to 2.6 in., and is soft, being adapted for grazing. Dromaius or Emus have good eyesight and hearing, which allows them to detect threats at some distance.

Dromaius novaehollandiae or Emus have long necks and legs, and can run at speeds of 30 mph. due to their highly specialised pelvic limb musculature. Their feet have only three toes and a similarly reduced number of bones and associated foot muscles.

Emus are unique among birds in that their gastrocnemius muscles in the back of the lower legs have four bellies instead of the usual three.