Strigiformes Skull Replica or Great Horned Owl measures 2.5 inches. Great Horned Owl Negative Footprint & skull are both museum quality polyurethane cast. Made in USA.

The Strigiformes or Great horned owl (Bubo virginianus), also known as the hoot owl, is a large owl native to the Americas.

Strigiformes or Great horned owl is an extremely adaptable bird with a vast range and is the most widely distributed true owl in the Americas.

Its primary diet is rabbits and hares, rats and mice, and voles, although it freely hunts any animal it can overtake, including rodents and other small mammals, larger mid-sized mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and invertebrates.

Typically, Strigiformes or Great horned owls are highly sedentary, often capable of utilizing a single territory throughout their mature lives. Most North American owls are not migratory and will generally show fidelity to a single territory year around.

In great horned owls, mated pairs occupy territories year-round and long-term. Territories are established and maintained through hooting, with highest activity before egg-laying and second peak in autumn when juveniles disperse, and can range from an average of 6.2 sq mi. in Yukon to an average of 0.81 sq mi. in Wyoming.

Most territorial defense is performed by males, but females frequently assist their partners in hooting contests with neighbors or intruders, even during incubation.

On occasion, although territory borders may be successfully maintained via vocalizations alone without even seeing the competing owl, such confrontations may turn physical, with various levels of threats distinguished.

The highest threat level involves the spreading of wings, bill-clapping, hissing, higher-pitched screams of longer duration, with general body poised to strike with its feet at intruder. If the intruder continues to press the confrontation, the defending owl will “hop” forward and strike it with feet, attempting to grasp and rake with claws.

Territoriality appears to place a limit on the number of breeding Strigiformes or Great horned owl pairs in a given area. Individuals prevented from establishing a territory live a silent existence as “floaters”.

Owls killed by other Strigiformes or Great horned owls are sometimes cannibalized, although the origin of the killing may have been territorial aggression.

Hunting tends to peak between 8:30 pm and midnight and then can resume from 4:30 am to sunrise. Hunting tends to be most prolonged during winter by virtue of prey being more scarce.

Strigiformes  or Great horned owl can learn to target certain prey during daylight in the afternoon when it is more vulnerable, such as eastern fox squirrels while they’re building their leaf nests and sunning themselves on desert rocks.

Owls hunt mainly by watching from a snag, pole or other high perch. During hunting forays, they often fly about 160 to 330 ft. from perch to perch, stopping to survey for food at each, until they sense a prey item below.

From such vantage points, Strigiformes  or Great horned owls dive down to the ground, often with wings folded, to ambush their prey. Effective maximum hunting distance of an owl from an elevated perch is 300 ft. Due to their short but broad wings, great horned owls are ideally suited for low speed and maneuverability.