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African Elephant Skull Replica measures 33 inches or 84cm. African Elephant Skull Replica is museum quality polyurethane cast. Made in the USA. 2-part skull (separate cranium and jaw).
The African elephant or Loxodonta africana is a genus comprising two living elephant species, the African bush elephant and the smaller African forest elephant (L. cyclotis). Both are herbivores and live in groups.
They have grey skin and differ in the size of their ears and tusks, and in the shape and size of their skulls. Loxodonta africana; Central and lower Africa.
African elephant or Loxodonta africana have a grey folded and up to 1.2 in. thick skin that is covered with sparse bristled dark-brown to black hair. Short tactile hair grows on the trunk, which has two finger-like processes on the tip.
Their large ears help to reduce body heat; flapping them creates air currents and exposes the ears’ inner sides where large blood vessels increase heat loss during hot weather.
African elephant or Loxodonta africana trunk is a prehensile elongation of its upper lip and nose. This highly sensitive organ is innervated primarily by the trigeminal nerve, and thought to be manipulated by about 40–60,000 muscles.
Because of this muscular structure, the trunk is so strong that elephants can use it for lifting about 3 percent of their own body weight.
They use it for smelling, touching, feeding, drinking, dusting, producing sounds, loading, defending and attacking. African elephant or Loxodonta africana sometimes swim underwater and use their trunks as snorkels.
Both male and female African elephant or Loxodonta africana have tusks that grow from deciduous teeth called tushes, which are replaced by tusks when calves are about one year old.
African elephant or Loxodonta africana tusks are composed of dentin, which forms small diamond-shaped structures in the tusk’s center that become larger at its periphery.
African elephant or Loxodonta africana tusks are used for digging for roots and stripping the bark from trees for food, for fighting each other during mating season, and for defending themselves against predators.
The tusks weigh from 51 to 99 lb. and can be from 5 to 8 ft. long. They are curved forward and continue to grow throughout the elephant’s lifetime.
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|African Elephant Facts||