Seed Fern Foliage Fossil measures 2.5 inches. Seed Fern Foliage Fossil is museum quality polyurethane resin cast. Made in USA.

Neuropteris rogersii. Of the carboniferous swamps of Pennsylvanian North America. The term Pteridospermatophyta or “seed ferns” or “Pteridospermatopsida” refers to several distinct polyphyletic groups of extinct seed-bearing plants (spermatophytes).

The earliest fossil evidence for plants of this type is the genus Elkinsia of the late Devonian age. They flourished particularly during the Carboniferous and Permian periods. Pteridosperms declined during the Mesozoic Era and had mostly disappeared by the end of the Cretaceous Period, though some pteridosperm-like plants seem to have survived into Eocene times, based on fossil finds in Tasmania.

Their discovery attracted considerable attention at the time, as the pteridosperms were the first extinct group of vascular plants to be identified solely from the fossil record. In the 19th century the Carboniferous Period was often referred to as the “Age of Ferns” but these discoveries during the first decade of the 20th century made it clear that the “Age of Pteridosperms” was perhaps a better description.

With regard to the enduring value of the division, many palaeobotanists still use the pteridosperm grouping in an informal sense to refer to the seed plants that are not angiosperms, coniferoids (conifers or cordaites), ginkgophytes or cycadophytes (cycads or bennettites).

This is particularly useful for extinct seed plant groups whose systematic relationships remain speculative, as they can be classified as pteridosperms with no valid implications being made as to their systematic affinities.

Also, from a purely curatorial perspective the term pteridosperms is a useful shorthand for describing the fern-like fronds that were probably produced by seed plants, which are commonly found in many Palaeozoic and Mesozoic fossil floras.

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Additional information

Weight 1.2 lbs
Dimensions 2.5 in
Seed Fern Facts

Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Polysporangiophytes
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Spermatophytes
Division: †Pteridospermatophyta
Conservation Status: Extinct -Extinction is the termination of a kind of organism or of a group of kinds (taxon), usually a species. The moment of extinction is generally considered to be the death of the last individual of the species.