Tabun 3 Jaw Replica is museum quality polyurethane resin cast. Made in USA. Homo neanderthalensis. The Tabun 3 Jaw was discovered in 1934 in Tabun Cave, Mt. Carmel, Israel, this nearly complete male mandible shows affinities with both the Neanderthals and the Archaic Homo sapiens of the region.

The Tabun Cave is an excavated site located at Nahal Me’arot Nature Reserve, Israel and is one of Human Evolution sites at Mount Carmel, which were proclaimed as having universal value by UNESCO in 2012.

Together with the nearby sites of El Wad cave, Jamal cave, and Skhul cave, Tabun is part of the Nahal Me’arot Nature Reserve, a national park and UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The cave was occupied intermittently during the Lower and Middle Paleolithic (500,000 to around 40,000 years ago). In the course of this period, deposits of sand, silt and clay of up to 25 m (82 ft) accumulated in the cave. Excavations suggest that it features one of the longest sequences of human occupation in the Levant.

Several fossils were discovered at Tabun cave, including a nearly complete female skeleton (Tabun C1) and a mandible (Tabun C2). The taxonomic attributions of the two fossils are still discussed.

Homo neanderthalensis or Homo sapiens neanderthalensis are an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans who lived in Eurasia until about 40,000 years ago.

It is unclear when the line of Neanderthals split from that of modern humans; studies have produced various intervals ranging from 315,000 to more than 800,000 years ago. The time of divergence of Neanderthals from their ancestor H. heidelbergensis is also unclear.

The oldest potential Neanderthal bones date to 430,000 years ago, but the classification remains uncertain. Neanderthals are known from numerous fossils, especially from after 130,000 years ago. The type specimen, Neanderthal 1, was found in 1856 in the Neander Valley in present-day Germany.

Neanderthal technology is thought to have been quite sophisticated. It includes the Mousterian stone-tool, making of adhesive birch bark tar, craft simple clothes similar to blankets and ponchos, weave, go seafaring through the Mediterranean, make use of medicinal plants as well as treat severe injuries, store food, and use various cooking techniques such as roasting, boiling, and smoking.

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Additional information

Weight 1.4 lbs
Homo neanderthalensis Facts

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Hominidae
Subfamily: Homininae
Tribe: Hominini
Genus: Homo
Species: †H. neanderthalensis
Binomial name: †Homo neanderthalensis