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Medium Ground Finch Skull is museum quality polyurethane cast. Medium Ground Finch Skull is made in the USA. Geospiza fortis is a species of bird in the Thraupidae family. Our percise skull can be used as a teaching tool, museum skull exhibit, home decor skull, or office decor skull.
It is endemic to the Galapagos Islands. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical dry shrub land. One of Darwin’s finches, the species was the first which scientists have observed evolving in real-time. The female’s plumage is brown and streaky, while male’s is solid black, with white tips to the under tail coverts. The bird measures 4.9 inches in length. The bill of this species is quite variable in size, though the length of the upper mandible is always greater than the depth of the bill at its base.
In 1977, a severe drought reduced the supply of seeds in the Galapágos. The finch, which normally preferred small and soft seeds, was forced to turn to harder, larger seeds. This strong selective pressure favoring larger beaks, coupled with the high heritability of traits relating to beak size in finches, caused the medium ground finch population to experience evolution by natural selection, leading to an increase in average beak size in the subsequent generation.
Evidence of evolution through character displacement has been found in a population of medium ground finches on the Galápagos island of Daphne Major. During a drought in 2004, overlap in the diets of the medium ground finch population and a recently settled population of large ground finches (Geospiza magnirostris) led to competition for a limited supply of seeds on which the medium ground finch population normally fed. Because the large ground finches were able to out-compete the medium ground finches for these seeds due to both a larger beak and body size, the medium ground finch population experienced a strong selective pressure against large beaks to avoid competition, ultimately leading to dramatic evolutionary change favoring smaller beaks in the subsequent generation.
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