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Spectacled Bear Skull Replica measures 10.2 inches. Spectacled Bear Skull Replica is museum quality polyurethane cast made in USA. Our precise skull can be used as a teaching tool, museum skull exhibit, home decor skull, or office decor skull. Cast of an original California Academy of Sciences specimen. Tremarctos ornatus is the scientific name.
The Spectacled Bear or Tremarctos ornatus, also known as the Andean Bear and locally as Ukuko, Jukumari or Ucumari, is the last of the lineage of Short-Faced Bears of the Middle Pleistocene to Late Pleistocene age.
Spectacled bears or Tremarctos ornatus are medium sized bears that are typically uniformly black in color, but reddish-brown individuals have been observed. The common name “spectacled bears” comes from the white or tan markings on the face that create rings around the eyes; these lighter markings often extend down the chest, forming a bib-like patch of light fur. The lighter markings are highly variable, unique to each individual, and may be absent altogether. The coat is of medium to long length.
Spectacled bears or Tremarctos ornatus have a short tail, that is often completely hidden by the fur. They have a stocky build, small round ears, a thick short neck, and a stout muzzle. The spectacled bear is equipped with a plantigrade stance and the front limbs are longer than their hind limbs.
This musculature feature, along with the blunt lophs of the cheek teeth are adaptations for their primarily herbivorous diet. The most common foods for these bears include cactus, bromeliads (especially Puya Tillandsia and Guzmania) palm nuts, bamboo hearts, Espeletia, orchid bulbs, fallen fruit on the forest floor, and unopened palm leaves. The musculature and tooth characteristics are designed to support the stresses of grinding and crushing vegetation. The spectacled bear or Tremarctos ornatus is perhaps the most herbivorous living bear species. These bears also eat cultivated plants, such as sugarcane, honey, and corn, and have been known to travel above the tree line for berries.
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